Dystopia fiction is really, really popular for some reason. Actually, I know the reason—whether it be things like the Walking Dead or the resurgeance of survival games like Project Zomboid, it seems like everyone wants a piece of the dystopian pie. More or less, a dystopian story helps us realize that our lives aren't as shit as they could be. They may be a celebration of that fact, or a warning of that fact. So, how do you do the genre well? And let's get the obvious out of the way: no, your novel doesn't have to contain zombies. Zombies is a different tutorial altogether. We'll be talking about why you might want them here, but how to actually write zombies is for some other time.
Dystopia more or less means that the world is shit. It doesn't have to mean that the whole world is shit, just the world that the characters aren't able to escape from. And unfortunately, it's a lot more realistic than dystopia's opposite: utopia. You'll never be able to make a good utopia story (whil